How many stages did the European paintings have gone through before the oil paintings occurred?
2009-2-10 20:13:15 Post:long | Categories:doupine | Comment:0 | Quote:0 | Browse:
In the thirties of this century,Mr Ba Jin and Mr. Zhu Guangqian have a drastic argument on paper about whether Da Vinci’s "The Last Supper" is oil painting. Mr. Zhu Guangqian believe that it was oil painting while Ba Jin don’t think so,he said: " there is no modern oil paintings at that time." Many people misunderstand that all the western paintings are oil paintings,as Europe oil painting have been developed to the stage of morden painting when it was introduced to China.
The oil painting was not exist before in the West, particularly in ancient Europe. It only has a history of 500 years since the real oil painting occured.And it has gone through a long time history of ancient gum painting,wax paintings, mosaics, frescoes, dry murals , Tanpei La painting ,Tan Peila oil paintings with mixed techniques.The modern oil painting has a development of maturity after 16 th century. Animal glue and rubber plants have always been used down the ages.And the eggs were widely used in ancient Greece, ancient Rome as a albumin glue.The original tempera is made by the mixture of sugar,honey or fig juice in order to increase viscosity. Ancient wax painting is the use of fire to melt beeswax, transferred to the painting while it is hot then paint them on the walls or on the boards, multi-layer overlapping, solidified after scraping can amend the mill, finally grinding to polishing. The mosaics was particularly popular in the Byzantine in Eastern Roman Empire. with colored stones, pottery, glass and enamel piece from the assembly, more used to decorate the church. Frescoes is a pre-mixed with lime to prepare a piece of sand could be a Huawan the wall.Mix the paints with lime before the gray-colored. dried to form solid calcium carbonate on the surface.makes it easy for color conducive to the long-term attachment.Dry wall painting are painted in the dry mortar,Most of the murals are dry wall paintings during the AD 4th century to 13 th century. "The Last Supper" painting is neither oil painting nor dry murals, Frescoes. Da Vinci use emulsion paint plastic reconcile with oil,which belongs to a system of Tanpei La techniques popular in the 13th century in Italy. Tan Peila is a special and wide range type of paintings in the history of western paintings.The oil paintings occur later,but still use Tanpei La material as the bottom shape, and transparent method in order to cover oil pollution.