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MANUEL OSORIO DE ZUNIGA
2007-6-4 4:54:56 Post:Sam | Categories:doupine | Comment:0 | Quote:0 | Browse:
" MANUEL OSORIO DE ZUNIGA " is made by Francisco Goya(1746-1828).

Francisco Goya was born in a small town near Saragossa, Spain. His father was a painter and a gilder. A gilder is an artisan who applies thin sheets of gold to paintings such as altar pieces in churches. When he was fourteen he was apprenticed to a local artist. This was the beginning of his art career.

He went to Rome for a year and then returned to Spain. It was during this time he did several large fresco projects. A fresco is a painting done on a wall or ceiling by using watercolors on fresh, moist plaster which has been applied to the surface.

His marriage to Josefa, the sister of a painter in the royal court, was the turning point of his career. He became the official court painter for King Charles III (the Third) and worked in the royal tapestry factory.

Wealthy people wanted him to paint portraits of themselves and their families. Some of them wanted to be painted as " majos" or "majas" , young working-class men and women in Madrid who sometimes would dress up in brightly colored costumes and parade through the streets.

The featured work on this page, " Manuel Osorio de Zuniga"
was painted during this period of his life.

Goya and Josefa had six children, but sadly only one of them, Xavier, survived. All the others died in infancy.

In 1792 Goya suffered an illness which caused him to become deaf. His life changed, and so did his paintings. His works became very dark in color, and the subjects were evil-looking. He covered his walls with these "black paintings". How depressing!

He continued as the court painter for King Charles IV (the Fourth). He painted a family portrait for the king called " La Familia de Carlos IV"
. However, the finished picture was very unflattering. "The children cower, the king looks stupid, and the queen bad-tempered" (Quote from Fandex Field Guides, Painters) The king didn't dismiss him, but he never asked Goya to paint another family portrait for him.

When he wanted to make a statement about the politics of the time, he painted a series of pictures called "Caprices"
. He would depict a person as a donkey or paint other scenes to ridicule certain people.

In 1823 Goya signed over to his grandson his house, which was known as the "House of the Deaf Man". He left Spain and moved to Paris. Three years later he returned to Spain for a visit. The king granted him a retirement pension and ordered an official "painting of Goya"
to be done by Vincente Lopez.

His eyesight began to fail, then he suffered paralysis, and finally died in 1828 at the age of 82. He was buried in France, but later his remains were moved to Spain and buried in Madrid.


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